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Tryon WEC, how para-dressage performs?

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トライオン馬術世界選手権、

パラ馬術に関する情報が掲載されていました。
https://tryon2018.com/article/weg-explained-a-spectators-guide-to-para-dressage

通常の馬場馬術と同じルールに則って行われますが、騎手の身体的能力に応じてグレード別になっています。選手たちが身体的障害をものともせず愛する馬術に取りくむ様子は驚くべきものです。パラ馬術の特徴をご紹介しましょう。
(続きはクリックください)
・馬は9歳以上
・選手は16歳以上
・選手が経路を間違えるとC点審判員がベルで警告します。必要であれば審判員が選手にやり直し地点を教えます。
・視覚障害者には、地点を声で教える「コーラーcaller」を付けることができます。
・聴覚障碍者には、指示係(コマンダー)がE点かB点に立ってサインを送ることができます。
・選手は補助的な扶助を使用できます。たとえば、頭だけでの敬礼、軽速歩、あらゆるタイプの鞍、鐙にゴムバンド、鞭、安全ベスト、などです。
・視覚障害者は、本馬場以外で馬に乗るときは目立つ色のアームバンドをつけます。

パラ馬術のグレード基準

グレードI  手足や胴体に深刻な障害がある者。常に車椅子を必要とする。競技は主に常歩で行われる。
グレードII  胴体に深刻な障害と腕や手に軽い障害がある者。または、胴体と手足に中程度の障害がある者。日常的に車椅子を必要とする。競技は主に常歩と速歩で行われる。
グレードIII  足に深刻な障害があり胴体には障害が無いか軽い障害がある者。または手足と胴体に中程度の障害がある者。日常生活に車椅子を使うことがある。競技は主に常歩と速歩で行れる。駈歩も可能であるが横歩運動は含まれない。
グレードIV  両手または両腕に深刻な障害がある者。または手足に中程度の障害があるか、身長が低い者。自分で歩くことができ、車椅子は必要としない。視覚障害者はこのグレードに該当する。競技は常歩、速歩、駈歩で行われる。
グレードV  筋力にごく軽い障害があるか、手足のうち1本に欠陥があるか、手足のうち2本に軽い欠陥がある者。中程度の視覚障碍者も含まれる。競技は常歩、速歩、駈歩、横歩運動で行われる。ピアッフェ、パッサージュ、歩毎や2歩毎のフライングチェンジ、フルピルエットは含まれない。

※ 選手が競技中に許可されていない運動を行ったときは、そのたびに各審査官より8点減点される。演技構成点は5点以下となる。

9月18日
グレードII, IV, V、規定?
9月19日
グレードIIIおよびI、規定?
9月20日
団体戦1日目、グレードII, IV, Vの選手
(各チームは、グレードI, II, またはIIIに少なくとも一名の選手がいること。同じグレードに複数の選手がいないこと。)
9月21日
団体戦2日目、グレードIIIおよびIの選手
9月22日
グレードI, II, III: 自由演技(4分~4分30秒以内)
グレードIV, VI: 自由演技(4分30秒~5分30秒)


Para-Dressage is conducted under the same basic rules as conventional Dressage, but with riders divided into different competition Grades based on functional abilities. It is incredible how these athletes do not let any impairments stop them from doing what they love. Before we dive into what Para-Dressage entails, lets read a few fast facts here and then find out more details below:
• Horses must be 9 years old.
• Athletes must be at least 16 years old.
• When an athlete makes an “error of the course” (takes a wrong turn, omits a movement, etc.) the Judge at C warns them by sounding a bell. The Judge shows them, if necessary, the point at which they may go back and make up the test.
• Those with visual impairments may use a caller to call out letters to them.
• Those with hearing impairments may use a commander who can sign the test to them by standing at either letter E or B outside of the arena.
• Athletes are allowed compensating aids including special equipment or prostheses needed to ride. A few examples are saluting with head only, sitting or rising trot, a saddle of any type, elastic bands on stirrups, 1 whip, safety vest, etc.
• An arm band in a distinctive color must be worn at all times by Grade IV and V athletes with visual impairment while they are mounted outside of the competition arena.

How Grades of Para-Dressage are Determined

Grade I: Athletes in Grade I have severe impairments affecting all limbs and trunk. These athletes usually require a wheelchair. When these athletes compete, their test is completed through the walk and they may not show a canter, piaffe or passage.
Grade II: Athletes in this Grade have either a severe impairment of the trunk and minimal impairment of the upper limbs or moderate impairment of the trunk, upper and lower limbs. Most athletes in this grade also use a wheelchair in daily life. These athletes complete their tests through the walk and the trot and they may not show a canter, piaffe or passage.
Grade III: These athletes have severe impairments in both lower limbs with minimal or no impairment of the trunk. Or they have moderate impairment of the upper and lower limbs and trunk. Athletes in this Grade may use a wheelchair in daily life. These athletes also compete at a walk and a trot and may not show a piaffe or passage. They can only show canter work that does not include lateral work, flying changes, half or full pirouettes.
Grade IV: Athletes in Grade IV have severe impairment or deficiency of both upper limbs or a moderate impairment of all four limbs or short stature. These athletes are usually able to walk and generally do not require a wheelchair in daily life. Athletes with visual impairments such as very low visual acuity and/or no light perception also fall into this Grade. Athletes in this Grade compete at the walk, trot, with lateral work, and the canter.
Grade V: The final Grade of Para-Dressage includes athletes who have very mild impairment of movement or muscle strength or a deficiency of one limb or a mild deficiency of two limbs. These athletes may also have visual impairments that are less severe than those competing in Grade IV and/or a visual field of less than 5 degrees radius. Athletes in this Grade compete at a walk, trot and canter with lateral work but they may not show a piaffe, passage, one or two times sequence changes, or full pirouettes.
*An Athlete that intentionally shows disallowed paces or movements during the execution of the test will have eight marks deducted by each Judge each time a not allowed movement is shown, and a choreography mark of five or below, but no elimination.

September 18: Individuals Day 1 and Medal Ceremony
Each Individual will perform their test based on the Grade they are assigned. Grades IV, II and V will compete, and individual medals will be awarded for each Grade. In all competitions, the winner is the Athlete having obtained the highest percentage, the second placed Athlete is the one with the next highest percentage and so on.

September 19: Individuals Day 2 and Medal Ceremony
Grades III and I will compete on this day to complete Individual competition. There are sets of medals for each of the five Grades for the Individual Championships and Medal Ceremony.

September 20: Team Day 1
The declaration of the teams will take place after the Individual Championships each day, and each team must have at least one athlete in Grade I, II or III and a team may not include more than two Athletes from any one Grade. The scores of all three team members obtained at the team test count for the team result (no drop score). In all competitions, the winner is the team having obtained the highest percentage, the second placed team is the one with the next highest percentage and so on.
Grades IV, II and V will compete on this day.
A fun fact about team competitions is the Chef d’Equipes can decide the starting order of their own team athletes.

September 21: Team Day 2 and Medal Ceremony
Team Day 2 will run the same as Day 1, with Grades III and I competing to conclude Team competition with the medal ceremony to follow.

September 22: Individual Freestyle and Medal Ceremony
Grade I, Grade II and Grade III Freestyle to Music Tests must be no shorter than four minutes and no longer than four minutes and thirty seconds. Then music for Grade IV and Grade V Freestyle, the song must be no shorter than four minutes thirty seconds, and no longer than five minutes. The music must not start more than thirty seconds before the Athlete enters the arena, and the music must cease at the final salute. Freestyle is all about coordinating the horses movements with the music!
The starting order for Freestyle to Music Competitions will be drawn in groups of four, using the qualifying results. The first four to compete in the Freestyle will be the four lowest scoring combinations. The last four to compete in the Freestyle will be the four highest scoring combinations.
Grades I, II, III, IV and V will compete this day.
Similar to individual championships and team championships, there are sets of medals for each of the five Grades for the Freestyle to Music Championship.

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